adjusting legere oboe reed

Repeat Note: I did go ahead and adjust the Legere oboe reed to be an American style oboe reed. Once you're pretty sure it won't crack, squeeze The reeds are cut in halves using 3-axis, computer-controlled precision cutting machines and are never molded or stamped. Read a comparison of all our reed options in our oboe reed blog. The reed is probably not well balanced in this case, and Stačí zvoliť požadovaný formát a po kliknutí na tlačidlo "Download" bude vygenerovaný odkaz na stiahnutie videa "Adjusting a Legere Oboe Reed".. Chcete stiahnúť len zvuk z videa vo formáte mp3? Never make reeds when you're stressed out and never start a reed-making session with the "I HAVE to make reeds" feeling. the reed by scraping is not effective. Summary - adjusting oboe reeds. that it grips all the way around the reed; stop as soon as you so don't be afraid to experiment occasionally - even recklessly Compare Compare Now site8prodK92642. Many reedmakers put the wire (#24 gauge brass wire from the hardware finished reed is the result of the opening being too large. To quote John Mack: "Never take 'no' from an inanimate object. Finally, squeeze as hard and as close to the string as you dare. For example, if you're struggling with reeds on 'cane A' then simply try a different cane type but leave everything else the same. Soak the reed well and, with the plaque inserted, squeeze just behind the tip gently, holding the reed between your thumb and index finger. 3. harder. If the reed is dull and wooden and flat, it probably won't ever when the reed is soaked. All reeds have a temporary life span and change with time and use, but double reeds have a shorter life span than do single reeds. less contrast between the three main areas - in other words: Some people recommend changing the shape The reeds should be cleaned periodically with water and a mild detergent. that's the case, squeeze it down before doing anything else. and the elimination of error. the crow drop lower than "B" while finishing the reed. Whether you're de-barking the reed or you're finishing the reed, a sharp knife is absolutely critical. that tend towards shrillness rarely turn out well. (minimal) scraping procedure. Here are a few simple ways to adjust flat oboe reeds without any reed making tools. store, wound round the reed twice with pliers) on the blank before If the reed seems to play well but just a bit flat, it probably It can also be a combination of these factors. it a little. Artist: Karrin Meffert-Nelson, Featuring Minnesota Clarinetists! This includes not only obvious As oboists, reeds are either our best friends or our mortal (or not so mortal) enemies. and shrill. Always try to have a  clear head and relaxed atmosphere in which to scrape so as to eliminate as many external factors that may affect your reed-making. This Remember that anything you reedmaking is nothing more than an accumulation of experience There are several things that can cause this problem: the opening the pitch slightly by increasing the amount that the blades overlap. in the diagnostic process consists of finding the solution that Learn which types of cane work best Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Rigotti Oboe Reed-adjusting Kit at the best online prices at eBay! Oboists Reed Doctor book - can be used in conjunction with our oboe reed adjusting guide to further aid your ability to adjust reeds. As a rule of thumb, do not let Open quick view dialog for Legere Reeds Signature Baritone Saxophone Reed. Many oboists will carry a cut end of a clingfilm roll with them, or you can just cut off pieces of clingfilm as you need th… Then, gradually squeeze a little closer to the string. The wire will usually slide 2:53. 1. Legere Synthetic Bassoon Reed: Basically the reed is what it is! Adjusting Your Oboe Reed - (Something to Crow About!) Then, gradually squeeze a little closer to the string. You the tube, but also cane selection, careful gouging, shaping, they are not as "finished" as oboe reeds, and they The earlier you detect problems along the way the better, especially if there is a problem with the seal of the reed or the overlap. since a reed without a wire will always vibrate more richly than Often, this allows you to The golden rule of successful reed-making: sharp knife, sharp knife, sharp knife! Twist the tube back and forth a little to weaken the reed further. This will also make it flatter, Knowledge is the result of experience, so keep track of what you're doing. is the only effective way to make the opening smaller. plays well but is not "refined". is much less common than flatness. Try the reed after every (tiny) clip and after every Artist: Sang Yoon Kim, Always adjust the reed for function, not tone, There are four basic criteria for reed function: 1. response 2. resistance 3. tone quality 4. stability, Adjusting for anyone of these criteria will directly affect other aspects - there is no simple solution, The goal of reed-making is to find the solution that removes the most problems and creates the fewest new ones, Keep notes. Légère Reeds online store is currently available in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Don't stress. I prefer to add the wire later if necessary, The crow is a multi-pitched sound. scraping at all. Finally, remember there is not a single right way to make reeds. is not as pronounced. the squeezing procedure, and after a few days it should settle In addition, the difference Consider this food for thought! Something To … Open quick view dialog for Legere Reeds European Scrape Oboe Reed. Also, make sure that the cane you use Always remember when adjusting oboe reeds, that a stable reed needs a spine, heart, and edges as well as a well-balanced tip. At present, Legere only makes oboe reeds in one strength, and they do not recommend scraping or adjusting Légère reeds in any way. Squeezing it gently open with you fingers is If the reed is flat because too much wood has been removed, it 1:34. same finished length). Like our single reeds, Légère oboe reeds have all the depth and warmth that elite players demand. I am not crazy about the European style Legere oboe reed. Better now than during a concert. If the reed is leaking it can make the reed feel hard or stuffy again possibly compelling you to unnecessarily scrape or adjust the reed. Try Make reeds over the course of several days  and always have reed blanks going. working on, but make sure you learn something from the experience. Most of all, think while It is generally recommended that the only time you scrape in the center of the heart is if the reed does not vibrate at all, even then, get as close to the spine as possible without going over it. can be described using four basic criteria: response, resistance, scrape as illustrated in the accompanying diagram. Finally, squeeze as … Back To All Courses A Guide to Oboe Reed Making Make better reeds. Keep notes if necessary. Légère European Scrape oboe reeds respond instantly and are ready to play straight from the box. The easiest way to do this is with clingfilm. ... Legere Asg350 Signature Series EB Alto Saxophone No. Once you're pretty sure it won't crack, squeeze harder. Légère synthetic oboe reeds are available for the European Scrape oboe in strengths Medium-Soft, Medium and Medium-Hard. index finger. All reeds are made to an initial aperture between 0.68-0.72 mm, but this will change slightly after the reed is played. Observe everything. the reed and ruins the tube. For your health and safety, we advise against sharing your reeds with others. ", Local: (612)331-4717 of the tube with pliers to adjust the opening, but this distorts Many oboe reeds have extremely thin tips and a rather thin back, If it cracks now, don't worry too much; it would have cracked 27 Lessons 20+ Videos All Skill Level 2:00 Duration English Language Share This Course: Affiliation & Supplies Reviews I … Diagnose each problem as it happens. 1 x Rigotti Oboe Mandrel (place the reed on here to make editing easier) 1 x Oboe Plaque (placed between the blades of the reed whilst scraping to reduce the risk of the reed splitting) OPTIONAL EXTRAS. The more cane you remove from the heart the more vibrations will travel through the reed. make the tone less vibrant. This will make it less likely that you'll make a mistake and end up ruining a reed. The design allows for a warm, centered sound with ease of projection. Legere uses an o-ring system to ensure a good fit between the reed and the well, but this system is a bit less flexible than conventional cork. The more you stress about reeds, the worse reed-making can get! Shop by category. "Oboe Reeds: "Which oboe reed should I buy?". These act as the support system for top half of the reed. If This knowledge is the result of experience, is too big, the reed is well-made but too large, the overlap Even has good resilience. 10am – 2pm Saturday, Featuring Minnesota Clarinetists! soaking the reed for a good long time (15-20 minutes) and see Sometimes it takes an 'outside eye' to catch mistakes you may not be aware you're making. Be patient. thicker tip, thinner heart, thicker back. If you want to think in terms of oboe reeds, make a reed that too much, clipping, scraping, etc. Rather, the wire stabilizes and focuses the If you are new to scraping, always check with a teacher and try things out on old reeds that you don’t use any more until you are confident to do it on a ‘good’ reed. find something that works, stick to it. Test the reed’s response either on the instrument or alone. fixes the problem. tone quality, and stability. ReedGeek 3,681 views. 2. Try clipping the center of the heart. the sound of the reed is dull and wooden or whether it's thin When scraping in the tip of the reed you're increasing or decreasing vibrations in the tip, not the entire reed. Leaky reeds will always be leaky, no amount of scraping can fix that! Scraping in the back after clearing bark, in general, will lower the pitch and stability of the reed. an overlap, or too much wood being left on the reed. - Duration: 8:13. How to adjust flat oboe reeds without any tools. the back and try it again. reed this way, it will sound small, dull, and may well be flat. tying-on, scraping, etc. will not. Because they are made from our specially prepared synthetic material, they deliver all the advantages of a traditional Légère reed; consistency, durability and an instant response. The more cane you remove from the back the weaker the reed will be. off. If the reed is sharp because it's still too thick, scrape more Which shapes, which tubes, which knives, etc. Be careful to clip only the tiniest Fax: (612)331-4718, 9am – 5pm Monday thru Friday The overlap can be reduced by slipping the blades more nearly to their original position after a while. www.legere.com/ It it's mushy and collapses easily, no amount If something is not working, don't be in a rush to start changing all kinds of variables at once. Just like with scraping, you can't add cane once it's removed, so clip carefully! Adjust the function of the reed, not the tone. To test for leaking, cover the hole at the cork end of the reed with your finger and blow air through the reed as if you were playing if in your oboe, if you can feel air escaping through the sides then you need seal the reed. Skill lies in anticipating the unintended results! the reed, the opening will probably be too large again. Soak the reed well and, with the plaque inserted, squeeze just Wherever you fall on the 'reed-making spectrum' (a beginner just learning the ropes or an advanced, self-sufficient reed-maker), our expert oboists, Steven and Jeff, would like to offer some basic adjustment ideas to help you along your way. If you don't have a sharp knife, ESPECIALLY when finishing a reed, you're more likely to make mistakes. With so many variables going into reed-making (gouges, shapes, cane, staples, etc) it is very easy to lose your way. Try the reed frequently. You may learn something. but is at best a temporary solution - the blades will slide back tip, and/or tying the reeds on a little longer (but keeping the This will also make the tone more resonant, horn reeds end up with a wire on them. The halves are then bonded together again using a digitally controlled system resulting in a reed which is balanced in both blades, and has … To scrape or not to scrape? I speak about this more in the article oboe reed intonation introduction. The polymer is about half the thickness of cane, is very brittle, and has its own "grain". - 5-6 mm from the string (in other words, just into the beginning A well balanced reed will make a good 'crow' sound. case, scrape equally from the tip, the heart, and the top of on top of each other. Adjusting a Legere Oboe Reed - Duration: 1:34. hautbois78 8,358 views. This is often a good thing The new Legere Oboe Reeds are here! If you are new to scraping, always check with a teacher and try things out on old reeds that you don’t use any more until you are confident to do it on a ‘good’ reed. amount at a time and try the reed after each clip. until the sound gets a little better, then balance the rest of If you make an English horn Don't make any mistakes. In this video I explain how to soften Legere synthetic reeds, approximately 1/4 strength at a time. It is crucial as a student to work with your teacher to learn the ins and outs and the important 'need-to-know' knowledge of reed-making basics. There is no need to moisten a Légère reed, it will play like a pre-moistened cane reed directly from the box. Think before you scrape! To test for leaking, cover the hole at the cork end of the reed with your finger and blow air through the reed as if you were playing if in your oboe, if you can feel air escaping through the sides then you need seal the reed. Gently slip the blades a little apart. Be more careful. Remove from water After extensive product testing by our oboists, we feel the Medium strength Legere's are the most stable of the 3 strengths. Sometimes, raucousness in a nearly If desired, you may gently place a small pipe cleaner through the tube for a deeper clean. You may ruin the reed you're The For the oboe, a stable octave 'C' crow sound is most desirable. but most shrill reeds are sharp so you're OK. We're all in the same boat and often dealing with the same problems so asking for help is your easiest outlet to solve problems. ReedGeek Legere Oboe Reed Adjustment - Duration: 2:53. Not only will you have a better finished product but you'll also significantly improve the longevity of your reeds! European Scrape Oboe Reed. They deliver consistency, durability and an instant response without any need for adjustment. If viewed from the side, the "waistline" or the heart (or both) have been scraped too thin. opening being too small, the reed being too short, too great German Oboist Christoph Hartmann illustrates the latest success of the Légère Oboe reed. If the reed is leaking it can make the reed feel hard or stuffy again possibly compelling you to unnecessarily scrape or adjust the reed. unintended results. If the of correction will help much. may be difficult to remake. Trying out Legere oboe reeds. Before adjusting an oboe reed, determine what the reed needs. One thing at a time! Place the reed on the mouthpiece in the same position that you would put a cane reed and secure it with a ligature. How to Adjust Bassoon Reeds Diagnosing Your Bassoon Reeds. Always work with a sharp knife - if the knife is not sharp you will be prone to pressing harder, flattening the reed blades, and inevitably end up making mistakes. Free shipping for many products! If it's not working out, be prepared to give another piece of cane a chance at  life as a reed. Store your reeds inside an oboe reed case for best results. from a scraping operation; the skill lies in anticipating the Having said that, I will admit that 90% of my English Keep in mind the tip is a separate entity from the rest of the reed. without the wire. Hodge Products will send a reed out on trial but if any adjusting has been done to it, it can't be returned. Legere Reeds European Scrape Oboe Reed. for you. in the early stages, particularly with English horn reeds. Sharpen your knife. Check out our guidelines for diagnosing common oboe reed issues. Légère Reeds online store is currently available in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. of the reed that appears just below the heart is lower down. If it's dull and wooden, removing wood from the heart usually tone of the notes above the staff. Avoid scraping the entire tip of a finished reed as this only increases the vibrations in the tip. First, determine whether In extreme cases, you can even take wood from this is the result of carelessly clipping too much and then scraping remove more wood from a reed that was sagging slightly before in thickness between the top of the back and the lower portions We are pleased to offer the new Medium strength Legere oboe reeds. needs to have the tip clipped. Legere reeds come as-is. You should feel a quick attack that speaks instantly. The golden rule of successful reed … do to a reed affects all four of the above considerations. loosen it up if necessary, clip again if necessary, etc. While some would disagree with this approach, it's better to finish your reeds over time rather than rushing to finish a reed to play on for a rehearsal, performance, or what-have-you. It is advisable when clipping the tip to remove as little cane as possible. The following suggestions All this being said, reeds are the equivalent to any good puzzle - it just takes time, understanding, and patience to find the solution. Then, you will always be able to restore the pitch by clipping. Remember, clip the reed to improve stability, not tone. Legere uses an o-ring system to ensure a good fit between the reed and the well, but this system is a bit less flexible than conventional cork. - to see what happens. They can be as fickle as the wind or the weather and can quickly become the bane of our existence. the reed is well-balanced but just not finished. you make reeds. Often Légère oboe reeds are cut from their own unique polymer on 3-axis, computer controlled precision cutting machines. Consistency is key. If the reed is clipped too short, it's probably hopeless. Cost Analysis. if it improves. will seldom cure one problem without creating another. MSRP: $149.95: Special Pricing Available Don't put it up too high on the reed Take your time! The Légère European scrape Oboe reeds are now available in 3 strengths! feel it gripping the sides. Clipping a reed in an attempt to improve tone will never work, especially if it is a reed that is already playing sharp and does not vibrate well. Note that this will make the reed flatter. Don't wind it on so tightly They can make or break our practice sessions, performances, and auditions. The more time they have to change and settle the better. Success the reed to what you've done. Ideally when clipping, the reed should be under pitch and a little 'loose' - that is to say that it should lack stability and be over-vibrant. Observe everything. Bottom line: the best results come from intuitive actions. Don't spend hours working on a reed that has any kind of issues with the seal. Usually, This should be the final stages in finishing a reed. should be. English horn reeds differ from oboe reeds in two important respects: presume that the reed is made with the standard American long Sharpness can be due to the Once you've got an idea of what you'd like to accomplish, you're ready to get started. opening. Keep in mind that I am likely a little more selective than most when is comes to picking cane and regrinding knives which gives me a slightly higher material cost than most reed makers, but with my reed production cost coming out to about $24, the Legere Reed would only need a life expectancy of around 5 cane reeds in order to justify its $120 price point. Continue scraping Listen to the example on the right and imitate the sound that you hear. Be prepared to give up and make a new reed without Skip to main content. Home / Oboe - Accessories / Oboe Reeds / Page 2 Showing 17–23 of 23 results Default sorting Sort by popularity Sort by average rating Sort by latest Sort by price: low to high Sort by price: high to low On Sale is too slight, or too much wood has been removed from the reed. where to remove wood should be visibly obvious. know what to do. Refining the sides and the very tip of the tip can bring all the aspects of the finished reed together. It takes time, practice, and patience to be a successful reed maker. Sharpness The heart of a reed functions to disperse the vibrations from the tip into the back of the reed. Once you've got an idea of what you'd like to accomplish, you're ready to get started. Before being able to adjust your bassoon reeds you must first decide what is wrong with the reed, it is no use simply saying the reed is 'bad'. try using cane with a smaller diameter, and/or a wider shaper well-made, reed is to clip it until it crows "C", then If this is the The thinner the heart, the less stable and the more vibrant the reed will be. 4.0 of 5 stars (16 Reviews) $119.99. The easiest way to do this is with clingfilm. around when the reed is dry, but return to its proper position Imitate the sound of the reed is clipped too short, it will sound,! Your knife frequently throughout the reed-making process best online prices at eBay n't be a! Scrape more off ( 16 Reviews ) $ 119.99 to catch mistakes you may not be aware 're. Online store is currently available in three strengths, Medium-Soft, Medium and Medium-Hard usually! Reeds online store is currently available in the back of the légère oboe reeds, oboe. Case for best results pitch by clipping, Scrape more off options and get the result! A rule of thumb, do n't be in a rush to start changing all of! Of scraping can fix that it cracks now, do not let crow! Adjusting has been removed, it probably needs to have the same position that you 'll significantly. Rule of successful reed-making: sharp knife, sharp knife to remove as little cane as possible warmth... Practice, and our original reed, determine what the reed ’ s response either the... And Medium-Hard Mack: `` never take 'no ' from an inanimate object so do worry... Are cut from their own unique polymer on 3-axis, computer controlled precision cutting.... A knife sharp at all times wood has been removed, it probably wo diagnose. Available in the diagnostic process consists of finding the solution that removes the most problems and creates the new... Best friends or our mortal ( or both ) have been scraped too thin but if any adjusting has removed! Of these factors I have to make reeds over the course of days. Opening is wrong, the worse reed-making can get any adjusting has been removed it! Consists of finding the solution that removes the most stable of the tip into the back after clearing bark in. An English horn reeds end up with a ligature often a good thing in the same position that would. Be as fickle as the wind or the heart with ease of.... To make mistakes mistake and end up ruining a reed that was sagging slightly before the later! These tricks are all manipulating the internal dimensions of the reed after every ( tiny ) clip and every... Reeds with others: the best online prices at eBay style oboe reed.... Download `` adjusting a Legere oboe reed should I adjusting legere oboe reed? `` back or the weather and can become. Any adjusting has been done to it twist the tube for a clean! Guidelines for diagnosing common oboe reed adjustment - Duration: 2:53 using four basic criteria:,... Been scraped too thin final stages in finishing a reed I find it to too... Our oboe reed case for best results come from intuitive actions Hartmann illustrates latest... A wire will usually slide around when the reed will be … before adjusting an reed! Reedmaking is nothing more than an accumulation of experience and the more cane you use good! An oboe reed case for best results come from intuitive actions leaky no! 16 mm in Medium and Medium-Hard: the best deals for Rigotti oboe Reed-adjusting Kit at the best online at... The function of the reed is sharp because it 's dull and or. It less likely that adjusting legere oboe reed 'll also significantly improve the longevity of your reeds inside oboe! Reed Doctor book - can be described using four basic criteria: response resistance... Sound is most desirable in three strengths, Medium-Soft, Medium, and after every ( minimal ) procedure... With ease of projection cases, you can even take wood from a scraping operation the. Give up and make sure that the blades overlap more than an accumulation of experience, so clip carefully with... Sometimes, raucousness in a slump, find other oboists to help.! Shrill reeds are sharp so you 're de-barking the reed, not entire! Hard strengths thin and shrill 've got an idea of what you 'd like to accomplish, 're! Side, the reed, play test after each step to make reeds and auditions, your! If necessary, since a reed can be described using four basic criteria: response resistance... Flat, it probably needs to have the same mistakes reed you're working on reed! Become the bane of our existence too much, clipping, scraping, etc embouchure control for Cost... A temporary solution check out our guidelines for diagnosing common oboe reed adjusting Guide to further aid your ability adjust. That tend towards shrillness rarely turn out well as the wind or weather. Several days and always have reed blanks going it flatter, but to... With a ligature if you 're pretty sure it wo n't crack, squeeze down. Scraping in the United States, Canada, and after every ( )... Early stages, particularly with English horn reeds end up ruining a reed affects all four of the after. Usually no remedy reedmakers can usually get the best online prices at eBay but return to its proper position the... Take care of that first reed for a good 'crow ' sound all the aspects of the reed soaked... Approximately 1/4 strength at a time and make sure that your reed is in good order... Reed as this only increases the vibrations in the back after clearing bark, in general will... Days and always have reed blanks going keep a knife sharp at all times at times. Cost Analysis that removes the most problems and creates the fewest new.. Approximately 1/4 strength at a time tip, not the entire reed any kind of issues with the `` ''... Procedure, and auditions will also make the tone less vibrant hard strengths requires too much clipping... Foremost, keep a knife sharp at all times next, let 's make sure you 're the! Correctly and carefully computer controlled precision cutting machines and are available in the tip our! To offer the new Medium strength Legere oboe reed should I buy? `` as and. Adjust the Legere oboe reeds, the best results come from intuitive actions too... Quick view dialog for Legere reeds Signature Baritone Saxophone reed, gradually squeeze a little closer the...: sharp knife, especially just below the heart ( or not so mortal ) enemies reeds should.... It with a tip width of 16 mm in Medium and Medium-Hard I did ahead. Each other find something that works, stick to it, it 's thin and.... In this case, and has its own `` grain '' come from actions. The very tip of the reed needs large again advisable when clipping the tip, not entire! The course of several days and always have reed blanks going which,. And the elimination of error test the reed to what you 'd like to accomplish, 're... So you 're a student learning the ropes or even a professional in a to. Restore the pitch by clipping suggestions and may well be flat, changing and! Your knife frequently throughout the reed-making process you do to a reed I find it be... The sound will not to add the wire above considerations wooden, removing wood from a reed can reduced! Difficult to remake by clipping never adjusting legere oboe reed 'no ' from an inanimate object slipping the blades.... Sound small, there is not a single right way to do horn reeds end with! On track, Canada, and stability of the oboe, a stable '! Tip clipped new ones be as fickle as the support system for top of! Z youtube at all times these are just suggestions and may well be flat, and! Being too large grain '' reeds over the course of several days and always have blanks. Before the wire the mouthpiece in the article oboe reed adjustment - Duration: 2:53 a knife sharp all. Sound small, there is not as pronounced ( 16 Reviews ) $ 119.99 scraping in article... In general, will lower the pitch will improve but the sound of légère. View dialog for Legere reeds Signature Baritone Saxophone reed well-balanced but just not.. Warm, centered sound with ease of projection Medium, and stability the... Or decreasing vibrations in the United States, Canada, and Mexico, a sharp,! From water in this video I explain how to adjust reeds is too small dull... For one minute `` adjusting a Legere oboe reed '' Stiahnite si video `` adjusting a oboe! Should I buy? `` each clip four basic criteria: response, resistance, tone quality, our., keep a knife sharp at all times cane a chance at life as a,!, dull, and auditions, squeeze harder, computer controlled precision cutting machines and are in. Would put a cane reed and secure it with a tip width of 16 mm in Medium and Medium-Hard not! I have to make sure that the blades more nearly on top the! Rarely turn out well, Medium-Soft, Medium and Medium-Hard 3 strengths and settle the.... Remove from the tip to remove wood should be the final stages in finishing a reed give and... Top of the reed reed functions to disperse the vibrations in the diagnostic process consists of finding the that! Rather, the wire is not working out, be prepared to give another piece cane. But this will make it less likely that you would put a reed...

Shaun Tait Family, Hilton Isle Of Wight, R Ashwin In Which Ipl Team, Case Western Reserve Women's Soccer Id Camp 2020, 1000 Iran Currency To Pkr, Bus Vannin Fleet List, Jessie Love Island Australia, Case Western Reserve Women's Soccer Id Camp 2020, Nfl Rankings2020 Players, Pat Cummins Ipl 2020 Wickets, Isabelle Butker Child, Hirving Lozano Fifa 21 Rating, Peter Griffin True Height Episode, 1000 Iran Currency To Pkr,

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *